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Circulation of Roman Republican Denarii

Some roman coins did circulate quite a long time, especially republican denarii.
The aim of this page is to show 3 denarii which were in circulation for many year. The minimum circulation time is determined from the time of mint to the time of the application of countermarks, assuming that the coins were in continous circulation - not hidden in a hoard meanwhile.
Petillius Capitolinus 43BC
O: Hd. of Jupiter r. CAPITOLINVS
R: temple of Jupiter Capitolinvs (6 columns) PETILLIVS
Cr. 487/1; Syd. 1149
Countermark of Vespasianus on obverse
min. circulation: 112 years (43BC - 69AD) 3.3
AR Denarius - Petillius Capitolinus 43BC

D. Junius Silanus 91 BC
O: Hd. of Roma r.
R: Victory in biga r., XVIII above; D SILANVS L F / ROMA
Cr. 337/3; Syd. 646
Countermark of Vespasianus on obverse
min. circulation: 160 years (91BC - 69AD) 3.3

AR Denarius - D. Junius Silanus 91 BC
Lucius Appuleius Saturninus 104BC
O: Hd. of Roma l.
R: Saturn in quadriga r., S above; L SATVRN
Cr. 317/3a; Syd. 578
Countermark of Vespasianus on obverse
min. circulation: 173 years (104BC - 69BC) 3.2
AR Denarius - Lucius Appuleius Saturninus 104BC

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